|About Integral TT - Interview for German TT Magazine|
|Wpisał: Jerzy Grycan|
German version: Integrales Tischtennis
Martin Mewes: What is the main message of the "integral concept ?"
- Mind. We also are, and have, the mind. It becomes more evident that the ranking in sport, and in table tennis especially, is closely combined with the mind states and skills.
1. All quadrants:
· Body training (behaviour, organizm) including physical qualities training (agility, speed, strength, power, endurance etc.), technical training (footwork, strokes – services, service returns, attack, off-the-table-defence, pushes, blocks, chops etc), tactical training (tactical principles, style of play, tactical strategies etc.), competitions, recovery (physiotherapy, health conservation, relax, diet, living style etc.). Traditional sports training has unsually the form of 'brainless repetition'. Sports body training can be enriched by 'body awareness' and 'awareness through movement'. Table tennis training can be developed with the ideas from yoga, Feldenkrais method, bioenergetics, or Holosinc Solution etc..
· Mind training (awareness) including studying (schooling, reading, mapmaking etc.), mental training (afirmations, visualisations, concentration etc.), psychotherapy (in example Gestalt 'shadow-work', body-work etc.), spiritual practice (medtation, centring prayer, zazen etc.). Traditional training traditionally disrespects mental training. In integral training system mind should include and evolves as a more complex whole than just physical excersise ('mind transcends and includes the body', 'spirit transcends and includes the mind'). From integral perspective sport training can be a part of mental training, developing higher aspirations, higher goals. From integral perspective sport/table tennis activity can become a form of meditation, or spiritual practice, a way of growing as "peacefull warrior".
· Developing training culture should include group process (contact, dialog, cooperation etc.), value system, practicing ethics (intentions, practicing ethical acting), building relations (social service, family, friends etc.), art (filming, painting, music itp.). Creating integral 'WE', integral comunity requires building it on the basis of higher values, higher aspirations etc..
· Developing training environment including organisation (recruitment, rules, laws, responsibilities, effective management, effective systems and procedures etc.), material environment (finances, training hall, facilities, equipment etc.), technology (video systems, computers, software etc.), politics, media, promotion etc.for players, coaches, officials, managers etc.. Integral table tennis leader would say as Fred Koffman: "if you want to do any business in more enlightened way, enter the society, and ask, how can I bring more light and more love into this situation, whatever it is". He/she would ask as Tami Simon, the owner of 'Sounds True': "do we do something meaningfull here, that changes our world for better? do we create environment for development for everybody here? do we create love here? do we have results/profits in our club or association?".
2. All levels of development. There are stages of our development. For example, to make it simple, we go from 'egocentric', to 'ethnocentric', through 'worldcentric' to 'integral' levels. etc From every stage of development we create different worldview. On different stages of development our training system is different. Integral training in table tennis should include the whole spetrum - matter, body, mind, and Spirit. Integral training system (of body, mind, organisation and culture) should be measured by how it helps people to move into higher levels of development - higher sport performance level, higher results, and toward the highest known levels of Enlightment and Awareness, as the most important issue). Integral training system always considers the actual level of the player (group, club, team etc.), his/her 'center of gravity', and organizes the right environment around it - people (players, coaching staff, managers, administration staff), management system, technologies etc. According to Ken Wilber, the latest scientific evidence shows, that people and organisations that function from the integral level, are around 10 times more effective than people and organisations functioning on lower levels. According to Wilber 'integral organisations' should be common after around 100 years time. This can be very promising for sports people. This, so-called vertical development, can lead to higher levels of playing, training, coaching and managing
3. All basic lines of development in the training process:
· Cognitive line – knowledge, thinking, curiosity, creativity, passion of never ending learning etc.;
· Moral line – ethical acting, 'fair-play' , honesty, self-respect, respect for the opponent, respect for equipment and environment, team, others, country, planet etc.;
· Interpersonal line – comunicating skills, listening, giving feedback, assertive expressing anger, understanding, mutual trust, creative conflict solving etc.;
· Emotional line – emotional awareness, dealing with difficult emotions, trigerring positive emotions during play, mood controle, motivating oneself etc.;
· Spiritual line – development of self-identity, self-awareness.
This can lead to higher levels of the player, coach or manager.
4. All states - being aware of Beta, Alfa, Theta and Delta brain states, and use them accordingly in the process of the training, competition and recovery. One of the mail roles of the coach is to help the player to reach and to maintain higher mental states, like ideal performance state during play. This can lead to higher levels of every activity of the player, coach or manager, like playing, coaching or managing.
All types. We are all man or woman, have some body type, inteligence and
personality type etc.. We need to create specific individual training program
for everybody - man or woman, learning fast or slow, healthy or disable person
etc.. Every player need own individual style of play, individual training,
individual rutines. Every coach or manager need to develop own individual style
of coaching and managing. Integral coaching or managing requires more flexible
and creative approach. This also can lead to higher levels of playing, training,
coaching and managing.
Jerzy Grycan: Integral perspective in sport is, I believe, the future. Let me first to tell about some experiences from other sports. There are several books that says about some more 'integral' experiences. They can be the fundament for further development of integral table tennis and sport. They are for instance: „Ultimate Athlete” and "Mastery" of George Leonard’a, „Inner Game of Tennis” of Timothy Galway, „Golf for Enlightment” of Deepak Chopra, or "Sacret Hoops" of Phill Jackson. There is much more. One of them is everything written by Dan Millman (the movie based on his experiences, "Peaceful Warrior”, is worth watching). They all can good inspiration for further integral studies in table tennis and sports. They all can enrich traditional Theory and Technology of Sports. They all indicate the importance of some aspects like spirituality. They all can be useful in building integral training model in table tennis. There are also some interesting experiences in table tennis, like that of Mitsuru Kohno from Japan. I do not know much more from table tennis, however...
I spent over 30 years of my search for integral knowledge in sports and table tennis. I spent over 20 years working with Polish and Australian National Teams. This was the experience of 'more than traditionally integral training' based on such principles as: 'the main purpose was to achieve table tennis mastery, together with personal development; the coach is the facilitator focused on the 'here and now' process (more like psychotherapist in Gestalt therapy); training is always creative experimentation; mental toughness training is everyday practice, just as physical, technical and tactical preparation; meditation is a part of players preparation; competition is a creative challange; performance must be studied carfully with statistics; recovery is healthy and possibly the most harmonious life-style; all people (players and coaches) should learn everyday something new and build learning organisation around; everyday study the best, and innovate; in training try to use new technologies' etc. In example in 1995 in World Championships in China (TianJin) 20-years old Lucjan Blaszczyk (ranked 75) qualified to quaterfinal in singles. In the 1994-1995 Preparation Program he practiced, together with Polish National Team, 300 hours mental training, including 150 hours of zazen meditation. From that time on he stopped such a training, he hasn't achieved better result in singles, however won 11 medals in European Championships, including 4 medals with the team. And my experiences seems to me limited, but at the same time very promising. The players I worked with have achieved hundreds of medals on international and national arenas. I have documented and studied all that experiences. I have written a book that says about "Integral Table Tennis" (in Polish "Integralny Tenis Stolowy", see: www.integralnytenisstolowy.com ).
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